Food deserts are often a byproduct of climate change, but their effects are becoming more pronounced.New research by researchers at Harvard University and the University of California, Berkeley suggests that they could be creating new food webs and shifting the landscape of agriculture in the US.The paper is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences....
A nutritional imbalance may explain why some people develop diabetes, new research suggests.
The researchers from the University of Melbourne say the condition can be caused by a combination of nutrient deficiencies, obesity and environmental triggers.
They say the findings suggest the use of a food source with high levels of nutrients could be a viable strategy to treat people with diabetes.
The Australian Diabetes Association said the findings were “remarkable”.
“Nutrition, obesity, diabetes and chronic disease have been linked to one another for decades, but now we have a strong new evidence that they may be linked together,” Australian Diabetes Australia’s director of research and development, Andrew Cuthbertson, said.
“These findings have huge implications for managing diabetes, and they will be important for future research.”
The study involved 1,811 people, with the average age of onset being 44.5 years.
It involved comparing the nutritional status of a group of people with type 1 diabetes with the nutritional needs of a control group of healthy adults.
The group with type 2 diabetes had more nutritional needs than the control group, with those with type 3 diabetes having a higher prevalence of obesity, high blood pressure and high blood sugar levels.
The authors of the study say the association between obesity and diabetes can’t be explained by the nutritional deficiencies of the group with diabetes, but instead that they might have been exacerbated by an individual’s genetic predisposition.
“If we can identify individuals with genetic predispositions to diabetes, then we can potentially target those people for treatment,” lead author Dr Robert Fussell, from the School of Public Health, told ABC Radio Adelaide.
“We’re going to need to study different types of diet and different types.”
That will allow us to get an idea of what types of diets are most effective for different types.
“Dr Fussel said the new research was the first to find a link between nutritional deficiencies and diabetes.”
It is important that we look at this in the context of the wider picture of the impact of chronic diseases on the population,” he said.
The team says it is now possible to identify individuals who have a genetic predispose to diabetes by looking at their blood sugar level, blood pressure levels and glucose levels.”
The important thing is that if you can identify these individuals, then you can use those individuals to target and target a specific diet,” Dr Fussson said.